binth ter--bin (t)th : a small European tree (Pistacia terebinthus) of the cashew family yielding turpentine Word History Etymology Middle English terebynt, from Anglo-French terebinte, from Latin terebinthus more at turpentine First Known Use 14th century, in the meaning defined above Time Traveler For a viable population both sexes must be present. El God, which translates to the Hebrew elah tree, is the origin of the trees name. Pariatur eos illum itaque quis, officiis non! Austin artist Peter Krag was paid a fee of $10 (about $200 in current dollars) to make an architectural rendering of Stewart's original freehand flag design. Accessed $(datetimeMla). On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. A triterpene has been extracted from these galls. Mild sweet scented gum can be produced from the bark, and galls often found on the plant are used for tanning leather. [] The location of this story is on the outskirts of Hebron in a place known as Elonei Mamre ( ), which is translated Oaks of Mamre or Terebinths of Mamre. Rather than growing tall, they spread horizontally becoming squat bushes, as you can see in the image below. The ovary is superior. //emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/xvi the flight into egypt.htm, The Leafless Tree shall be preserved, and then even this small part shall be subjected to many perils yet Israel shall not be destroyed, for it shall be as a terebinth tree and //spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/the leafless tree.htm, The Census and the Journey of the Holy Family 5.2 TRAVELING AT NIGHT. According to Tristram, the following three species of oak are at present common in Palestine: (1) the prickly evergreen oak ( Quercus . 18:1), and others, has "plains," though the Septuagint and ancient interpreters generally render it, as here, by "oak," some by "terebinth" (turpentine tree //pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter li that he ordered a.htm, Teil Teil tree. Mulberry tree symbolism has a long and rich history, being associated with protection, strength, and willpower. The primary distinction between the two trees is that the mastic tree is evergreen while the terebinth tree is deciduous. D. Harper. One of the most important symbols associated with the hazel tree is that of wisdom. They are also, used in cookies, additives for bread making and preparation of various foods such as cooking oil. Terebinth trees are native to the Middle East and Mediterranean regions. The tr. In 1839, at the same time as it adopted the Lone Star Flag, the Congress of the Republic of Texas adopted a national seal with a Lone Star surrounded by a wreath of an olive branch and a live oak branch. The reason for this translation mix-upis that, despite the fact that they are two distinct species, these two trees really have much in common. Moreover, fruits are evaluated as a raw material for making bttm and turpentine soap and also used in the production of different seasonings and spices. On the contrary! When the angel tells Abraham that he must sacrifice his son, he builds an altar at Mamre. It is often called a living fossil because it has remained unchanged for millions of years. Whether used for its medicinal qualities or to protect and promote growth, this tree has long been seen as a source of balance and hope. In Japanese culture, the ginkgo tree is a symbol of peace and hope. Since the 1930s, this beloved symbol of springtime has been planted along Texas highways. Today we know that Jacob did the Egyptians a favor the true pistachio, a relative of the Atlantic pistachio, is now widely touted as a superfood. xxxv., I Sam. Terebinth is a small flowering, deciduous tree or large shrub that normally grows about 2 6 meters tall, occasionally reaching 12 meters. The oblong leaf is bright green, leathery, pinnate, its leaflets are sessile, limp, glabrous, and end in a long point. [9] Some Ancient Indian tree deities, such as Puliyidaivalaiyamman, the Tamil deity of the tamarind tree, or Kadambariyamman, associated with the kadamba tree were seen as manifestations of a goddess who offers her blessings by giving fruits in abundance.[10]. kalaniot) flowering in the Galilee towards the end of the winter rainy season. They are generally larger and rounder than the leaves of the mastic, reminiscent of the leaves of carob tree. Frankly, I think that Holliwierd has forgotten why pelope go to movies.One major reason is they want a night out with their partner. Soon after, ranchers rediscovered the tough and well-adapted cattle and they have been a mainstay of Texas ranching operations ever since. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Chili con carne was designated the state dish in 1977. The male flowers have a sepal with 3-5 lobes, and they too do not have a corolla. the Spirit of counsel and of might, to write content for you personally? Pistacia terebinthus is more abundant in the mountains and inland and the mastic is usually found more frequently in areas where the Mediterranean influence of the sea moderates the climate. Terebinth is rich in tannins and also contains a resinous substance. ELON (1). What does the Terebinth tree produce? In Crete, where the plant is called tsikoudia, it is used to flavor the local variety of pomace brandy, also called tsikoudia. Anemones (Heb. May God in Jesus Christ through His Holy Spirit continue to richly bless you. It appears in deciduous oak wood. Thats about it.I dont suppose its occurred to these actors/directors that they have to sell their movies to pelope. It is the Pistacia terebinthus of Linn., a tree /e/elm.htm - 7k, Elon (8 Occurrences) Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Two of the most common trees in the Mediterranean forest are the elah () and the alon (). terebinth is found in the RSV for the tree tr. The Pistacia atlantica nuts among the choice fruits of Canaan that Jacob instructed his sons to take back to Egypt (Gen. 43:11) were pistachios (although the Hebrew word used in that verse, botnim, is today translated as peanuts ). God is in the terebinth tree literally. Dwarfed trees occur among the brushwood all over the land.From this tree a kind of turpentine is obtained, hence, the alternative name "turpentine tree" (Ecclesiasticus 24:16 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth").E. In the Book of Joshua, the sibling tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh complain to Joshua that they have not been given enough territory. Oak timber was used for the manufacture of idols (Isa. Traditional uses and benefits of Spanish Cedar, Traditional uses and benefits of Asiatic Dayflower, Traditional uses and benefits of Climbing Dayflower, Traditional uses and benefits of Aquatic Rotula, Traditional uses and benefits of Hiptage (Helicopter Flower), Traditional uses and benefits of Blinding Tree, Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region from the western regions of Morocco and Portugal to Greece and western and southeastern Turkey, Single-seed spherical drupe about 57 mm (0.200.28 in) long, Treat wounds, arthritis, gout, leprosy, scabies, lice, sciatica, hemorrhage, gallstones, tapeworm and rheumatism, Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region from the western regions of Morocco and Portugal to Greece and western and southeastern Turkey. Engl. ABRAHAM'S TEREBINTH TREE. (1.) Most Texans call the state reptile a horny toad, but it is actually a horned lizard. 14 (xliv. In the Northern Sporades the shoots are used as a vegetable (called tsitsravla). (3) 'allah (Joshua 24:26, English Versions of the Bible have "oak," but the Septuagint terebinthos). Edging out suggestions for the cotton boll and the prickly pear cactus, the native bluebonnet (Lupinus subcarnosis) was named the state flower in 1901. The name refers to a female deer that is surefooted and can be found in high places. of the subjects you write regarding here. It has many medicinal and pharmacological uses as an antispasmodic, expectorant, antiseptic, cytostatic, and is also used to treat streptococcal infections and cancer. Credit: Yaacov Shkolnik For you will be ashamed of the terebinths that you have taken pleasure in. Human beings, observing the growth and death of trees, and the annual death and revival of their foliage,[1][2] have often seen them as powerful symbols of growth, death and rebirth. New International Version (NIV). Galls baaaaaad. As the cattle industry grew and flourished, Mexican vaqueros and their successors, the American cowboys, began to stage competitions to test their riding and roping skills. ); libations were made to it, and horses were sacrificed. Here one of the brothers leaves his heart on the top of the flower of the acacia and falls dead when it is cut down. Forms of the tall oaks of the old Prussians were inhabited by gods who gave responses, and so numerous are the examples that the old Hebrew terebinth of the teacher, and the terebinth of the diviners may reasonably be placed in this category. 2023 By eTeacher Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Inspecting For Subterranean Termites: A Step-By-Step Guide, The Stench Of Love: How Pepe Le Pews Signature Scent Has Been Used To Control Termites, Protecting Your Home From Termites: How To Safeguard Your Straw Bale Walls, Exploring The Causes Of And Solutions To The Mysterious Death Of Termites, The Threat Of Trichonymphas Disappearance On Termites And Our Global Ecosystem, Protecting Your Home And Business From Termites In South Florida, Does Citronella Really Work To Repel Termites? Leaves of the plant are used as tea medicinally. [8] Important sacred trees are also the object of pilgrimage, one of the most noteworthy being the branch of the Bo tree at Sri Lanka brought thither before the Christian era. Pistacia terebinthus also called the terebinth /trbn/ and the turpentine tree, is a deciduous tree species of the genus Pistacia, native to the Mediterranean region from the western regions of Morocco and Portugal to Greece and western and southeastern Turkey (Kurdish Regions). The flowers are reddish-purple, appearing with the new leaves in early spring. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him The winter is the rainy season when the landscape is covered in green grass and leafy trees, as seen in the image above. Disclaimer, e-mail: [emailprotected] In the story of Abraham and Isaac, Abraham is instructed by God to sacrifice his son Isaac on a terebinth tree. THE GROVE OF MOREH. They appear in large groups which acquire a very eye-catching pink color when they ripen. The tree can also be used as rootstock on which true pistachios (Pistacia vera) a relative of the Atlantic pistachio are produced. [3], Examples include the banyan and the sacred fig (Ficus religiosa) in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil of Judaism and Christianity. This reference of Abimelech's crowning by an oak is actually referring to the Palestine oak, closely related to the Kermes oak (Quercus coccifera). Etymology of terebinth. Online Etymology Dictionary. Shemul Aleph/1 Samuel 10:3 " And you shall pass on from there, and beyond, and shall come to the terebinth tree of Ta or. A Look At The Science Behind The Natural Remedy, The FLIR TG165: An Infrared Camera For Detecting Termites In Homes And Buildings, Act Quickly To Control And Eliminate Termites In Your Apartment, Finding The Right Professional For Termite Control. Pistacia terebinthus var. /t/turpentine.htm - 6k, Genesis 12:6And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Shechem, unto the oak of Moreh. (See JPS), Judges 9:6And all the men of Shechem assembled themselves together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar that was in Shechem. 9; Isa. Tamarisk trees are evergreen, hence they offer protection throughout all the seasons. "(5) In Genesis 14:6 Septuagint has terebinthos, as the translation of the el of El-paran. By seeds, semi woody cuttings or air layering, Pistacia terebinthus L. (Cyprus turpentine). MARY AND JOSEPH REST AT THE TEREBINTH OF ABRAHAM. Their seeds are dispersed by birds. |, What was the spirit of prostitution in Hosea 4:12? The tree is also known as the Terebinth (Pistacia terebinthus), and it is a large, handsome tree with medicinal properties all over the world. Its name comes from the fact that the pistachio tree genus (Pistacia) has a hard, woody shell around the seeds that distinguishes it from other nut trees. Thank you. Different explanations may be found of such customs which naturally take rather different forms among peoples in different grades. The flowers range from purple to green, the fruit is the size of a pea and turns from red to brown, depending on the degree of maturation. from ayil Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oak (6), oaks (4). Another reason that the alon and elah might have become the subject of idolatrous worship is becauseboth are very sturdy trees which have a miraculous ability regenerate when cut down. Hebrew may have originally denoted large, strong trees in general (comp. Immature fruits, including the stems, are preserved in vinegar and salt. The terebinth tree (Pistacia terebinthus) is a bush or small tree which normally grows to a height of about 5 metres, although it can reach a height of 10 metres. // of genesis volume 1/chapter xii.htm, Spoken in Antioch in the Old Church, as it was Called bees, so fear hath driven away our swarms; and what the prophet says, bewailing Jerusalem, we may fitly say now, "Our city is become like a terebinth that hath //chrysostom/on the priesthood/homily ii spoken in antioch.htm, That He Ordered a Church to be Built at Mambre. "terebinth," an Israelite name, also a Hittite, also a city in Dan. (See JPS), Genesis 35:4And they gave unto Jacob all the foreign gods which were in their hand, and the rings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem. Recipes are often family traditions and closely guarded secrets. The leaves are pinnate, four to six pairs, and they change color and fall in autumn, leaving the trunk bare (compare Isaiah 1:30). The whole plant emits a strong smell: bitter, resinous, or medicinal. (Root in WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV), What is the significance of the land of Gilead in the Bible? At least thats what the goats apparently tell each other when they come to feed on Atlantic pistachio trees and catch of whiff of the reek these galls emit. The terebinthPistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae), Arabic Butmis a tree allied to the P. vera, which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" (Schinus molle) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. In the vegetative period they develop "galls" shaped like a goat's horn (from which the plant gets the name "cornicabra", the common name in Spanish), that occur on the leaves and leaflets which have been bitten by insects. Each leaf has 4-6 pairs of leaflets, and usually another non-paired smaller leaflet at the tip of the leaf. "(WEB JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV), Ezekiel 6:13And ye shall know that I am Jehovah, when their slain men shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the places where they offered sweet savor to all their idols. A coffee-like drink is made from the fruit. Abraham is told by the angel of the Lord that his son will be saved and will be the father of a large number of nations. [11] In Turkey, it is known as menengi or bttm. There is a general agreement among interpreters that a part of these names refer to the terebinth tree, as they are translated in the Septuagint. To save this word, you'll need to log in. 331 11. The terebinth--Pistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae), Arabic Butm]--is a tree allied to the P. vera, which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" (Schinus molle) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. A big terebinth, or Atlantic pistachio, the type that Absalom's hair could have got caught in. lxi. Some are obvious, like our "large state mammal," the Longhorn; state fabric, cotton; footwear, the cowboy boot; and pepper, the jalapeo. Tourists flock to this location on a regular basis. writers; yet the two are very different trees to any but the most superficial observation.The terebinth-Pistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae), Arabic Butm-is a tree allied to the P. vera, which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" (Schinus molle) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. ayil -- a terebinth ayil. Others, not so much. Terebinth from Oricum is referred to in Virgil's Aeneid, Book 10, line 136, where Ascanius in battle is compared to "ivory skilfully inlaid in [] Orician terebinth" ("inclusum[] Oricia terebintho [] ebur"). They are generally larger and rounder than the leaves of the mastic, reminiscent of the leaves of carob tree. Transliteration: ayil Short Definition: oaks. //emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/x the census and the.htm, Chapter xxxiv they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem // of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxiv.htm, Chapter xii 6, 7, And Abram passed through the land as far as the place Shechem to the terebinth of Moreh, and the Canaanites were in the land at that time. Palaestina", "Natural Resins of Art and Archaeology Their Sources, Chemistry, and Identification", "Resin and Ritual Purification: Terebinth in Eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age Cult", "Canaanite wine stash found in Galilee unearths ancient flavors",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 15 February 2023, at 07:38. Even seasoned nature guides sometimes find them difficult to tell apart. This great tree acts as an axis mundi, supporting or holding up the cosmos, and providing a link between the heavens, earth, and underworld. They are used in the treatment of diabetes, stomach aches, diarrhea and jaundice. Terebinth primarily works on the mucus membranes of the kidneys and the urinary bladder. TEREBINTH tr bnth (, H461). Trees?,,,, from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The terebinth, also known as the pistachio tree, is a member of the cashew family and is native to the Mediterranean region. The terebinth is a deciduous flowering plant belonging to the cashew family, Anacardiaceae; a small tree or large shrub, it grows to 10 m (33 ft) tall. Mediterranean tree, a member of the sumac family, late 14c., from Old French therebint (13c. palaestina (Boiss.) The terebinth, also known as the pistachio tree, is a member of the cashew family and is native to the Mediterranean region. The juicy, red, prickly pear fruits are often made into jams and jellies, pies, and wine. In fact, chemical analysis showed that they emit quantities of stinky organic compounds called terpenes. The trees fruit, which is used all over the world in traditional medicine, is also available for purchase. [8] The word turpentine derives (via Old French and Latin) from the Greek word (terebinthn), the feminine form (to go with the feminine Greek word for resin) of an adjective (terebnthinos), derived from the Greek noun (terbinthos), the name for the terebinth tree. (See JPS DBY), Isaiah 6:13If there is a tenth left in it, that also will in turn be consumed: as a terebinth, and as an oak, whose stock remains when they are felled; so the holy seed is its stock. They are as unfaithful as prostitutes. Middle English terebynt, from Anglo-French terebinte, from Latin terebinthus more at turpentine, 14th century, in the meaning defined above. It has a gray trunk that is very aromatic, and may have multiple trunks or stems when grown as a shrub. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak. This long-lived tree is the Pistacia terebinthus palaestina. Our hearts are idol factories. Our hearts abhor a vacuum. Its meaning and significance will be explored below. In European mythology, the best-known example is the tree Yggdrasil from Norse mythology. For the Roman mausoleum, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Palestine Terebinth - Pistacia terebinthus subsp. The mastic has winged stalks to its leaflets, i.e., the stalks are flattened and with side fins, whereas these stems in Pistacia terebinthus are simple. It can be found to 1,500m (4,900ft) above sea level. Resin is mainly used medicinally in the treatment of cancer and also as a chewing gum. Start FREE. It is common enough in Pal. Pistacia terebinthus is related to Pistacia lentiscus, with which it hybridizes frequently in contact zones. (See JPS DBY), 1 Chronicles 10:12all the valiant men arose, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days. Etymology of terebinth. Their young are nourished by the nutrients in the leaves and eventually emerge fat and happy from an opening in the gall. The wordsalon and elahboth contain the Hebrew root (el), referring back to their sacred status in the Canaanite cult of El. macrocarpa Zohary, Pistacia terebinthus var. Again, awesome site! The axis of the leaf is cylindrical, without a margin. The stamens and the stigmas are red, and give the inflorescence its red color. [1][6], The world tree, with its branches reaching up into the sky, and roots deep into the earth, can be seen to dwell in three worlds - a link between heaven, the earth, and the underworld, uniting above and below. Don't be surprised if none of them want the spotl One goose, two geese. (2) 'elim (Isaiah 1:29, "oaks," margin "terebinths"). Therefore your daughters play the prostitute, and your brides commit adultery. Word Origin from the same as ulam Definition a terebinth NASB Word Usage oaks (3). Externally, the resin is used to treat wounds, arthritis, gout, skin conditions including leprosy, scabies and lice; sciatica. it exists as male and female specimens. The ovary is superior. The species propagates by seeds and shoots. Magdala Dig Shows: Christians, Jews Were One. The elah tree, most often translated as terebinth, bears the the Latin name Pistacia palaestina, meaning it is related to the pistachio tree. Transliteration: Elah Phonetic Spelling: (ay-law') Short Definition: Elah. These two features very easily combine, and they agree in representing to us mysterious sympathy between tree and human life. In the dark valley of Elah, David slew Goliathperhaps this is the reason Goliath did not easily see the slung stone. The plant is harvested from the wild for mainly local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. He cites the work of a Spanish scholar, J.L. It is also quite beneficial for liver, kidney, heart, and respiratory system disorders. Thus, what seems to be puncturing and deforming the leaves of the terebinth the aphids in their little gall cradles actually defend the trees and help them thrive from season to season, century to century - if no one cuts them down. This tree is a valuable timber tree, and its sap is used to make turpentine. I wouldnt mind composing a post or elaborating on some In the winter the tree can be recognized by its large and pilose buds. 18: 915). The leaves are astringent, diuretic and hypotensive. But notice, burying your gods is not enough. The LXX. Also, terebinth fruits are processed roasting the terebinth coffee that has an extremely attractive color and smell. Widespread in the wild and popular as a yard tree, the pecan is native to Texas and produces the state's only commercially grown nut. It was declared the state tree in 1919. 14) and for ship-building (Ezek. Elah, the feminine form of that word, means goddess. Elah -- "terebinth," an Israelite name, also an Edomite name 424, 425. The most recognizable butterfly in North America, the monarch flies through Texas every spring and fall on its epic migration to wintering grounds in Mexico. plain /hebrew/436.htm - 6k, Chapter xxxv they turned over to Jacob all the foreign gods in their possession and the rings that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth near Shechem /// of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxv.htm, Fragment x. Then theres the grisly tale of the death of Absalom, son of King David. and strongas it was in the beginning.thank you again..shalom, I want to thank you for your information on the trees here, I am studying Isaiah and now I can picture [5] (The Hebrew word alon means 'oak', and the words may be related. Although marred by the presence of galls, it is a very strong and resistant tree which survives in degraded areas where other species have been eliminated. The best known clear reference to a terebinth (elah) in the Hebrew Scriptures is that of the Valley of Elah or 'Valley of the Terebinth' ( ), where David fought Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2, 17:19). The excavation revealed previously unknown periods such as Islamic and Byzantine. The plant is common in the garrigue and maquis. Evergreen trees, which largely stay green throughout these cycles, are sometimes considered symbols of the eternal, immortality or fertility. To the ancient Canaanites, the terebinth was sacred. Terebinth resin was used as a wine preservative in the entire ancient Near East, as proven by many findings in areas such as the foot of the Zagros Mountains[13] and Middle Bronze Age Galilee. be exactly what Im looking for. of terebinthos (see terebinth). Much of the central hill country of the Land of Israel was forested in antiquity. 357 . 14) represents a specific quantity of material. I thank Jesus Christ for you , and I thank you for yielding to His anointing and taking time and effort to put this information together . The monarch butterfly was designated the state insect in 1995. Germanic mythology as well as Celtic polytheism both appear to have involved cultic practice in sacred groves, especially grove of oak. Propitiation is made before the axe is laid to the holy trees; loss of life or of wealth and the failure of rain are feared should they be wantonly cut; there are even trees which it is dangerous to climb. Archaeological excavations at Mamre are open to the public. The Terebinth is a dioecious tree, meaning that there are separate male and female trees. Archaeological excavations at Mamre reveal evidence of ancient Jewish settlements as well as the biblical story of Abraham and his three disciples. Many Texas cowboys and cowgirls remain dominant forces in the sport today. They worship under oak (alon), poplar (livneh) and terebinth (elah) trees. Ranchers burn the spines from the pads (called nopalitos) and use them for cattle feed. But they're not some seasonal tree tumor. Happy Tu BShevat! Tamarisk trees are also resilient, as seen in their ability to tolerate both droughts and floods. Because they are among the only relatively tall trees in theLand, the alon and elah were thought to possess divine strength. It requires a sunny exposure and average soils, tolerating lime and some salt, often grows near the sea, deep ravines and near salt-lakes and streams. Trees are significant in many of the world's mythologies, and have been given deep and sacred meanings throughout the ages. "[4], The terebinth is mentioned in the Hebrew Scriptures (or Old Testament), where the Hebrew word elah (plural elot) is used, although the word is sometimes translated as 'oak'. W. G. Masterman, 425. Today, chili cook-offs are a state pastime. Research genealogy for Infant Daughter Burrier of San Antonio, Bexar, Texas, USA, as well as other members of the Burrier family, on Ancestry. It is in such situations not infrequently as much as 40 ft. high and spreads its branches, with their thick, dark-green foliage, over a wide area (compare 2 Samuel 18:9, 14; Ecclesiasticus 24:16). Three angels appear to Abraham and stay with him as he plots to kill Isaac. P. terebinthus is one of the European species of Anacardiaceae, a family of about 600 mostly tropical species. These little creatures, Slavum wertheimae, create an incubator out of the leaves apparently only of this particular tree.